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January 26, 2020

Note: Justice Talking's grant funding expired in 2008 and the project has been closed. This website is an archive of the entire run of Justice Talking shows through June 30, 2008.
It is no longer being maintained. We apologize for any stale or broken links.
Featured Program

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The Women's Equality Amendment
What Does It Mean and Is It Necessary?
Last Featured: 10/29/2007

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Note: Justice Talking ceased production on June 30 of 2008. Link information on this site is not maintained and is provided for historical interest only. Although correct when posted, The Annenberg Public Policy Center makes no claim as the the accuracy or continued availability of any third party web links found on this site.

“Equality of rights under the law shall not be denied or abridged by the United States or by any State on account of sex.” This simple addition to the Constitution -- then known as the Equal Rights Amendment -- was never adopted despite passage by Congress in 1971 and ratification by 35 state legislatures--three short of the 38 necessary for its adoption. Each term since the ERA’s defeat, members of Congress have reintroduced the measure, this year renamed the Women's Equality Amendment. Tune in to this edition of Justice Talking as we focus on the struggle for women’s equality and ask what the proposed constitutional amendment will do and whether it is necessary.

A Closer Look at the Wage Gap
Host Margot Adler talks with Catherine Hill from the American Association of University Women (AAUW) and the Hudson Institute’s Diana Furchtgott-Roth about what causes the wage gap. Is it sex discrimination or women’s choices?

Catherine Hill is the director of research at the American Association of University Women Educational Foundation. She is an author of several recent AAUW reports including "Drawing the Line: Sexual Harassment on Campus," "Public Perceptions of the Pay Gap," and "Behind the Pay Gap."

Diana Furchtgott-Roth is a senior fellow at Hudson Institute. From February 2003 to April 2005 Ms. Furchtgott-Roth was chief economist of the U.S. Department of Labor. She coauthored "Women’s Figures: An Illustrated Guide to the Economics of Women in America" and "The Feminist Dilemma: When Success Is Not Enough."

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Debate: The Equal Rights Amendment
Michelle Bernard of the Independent Women's Forum and the Feminist Majority’s Eleanor Smeal debate whether we need to pass a constitutional amendment that would ensure equal rights for women.

Michelle Bernard is the president of the Independent Women's Forum (IWF). She also leads IWF's Iraqi women's democracy initiative and is the program officer of the Iraqi Women's Educational Institute.

Eleanor Smeal is the president of the Feminist Majority Foundation. A former president of the National Organization for Women, she led the drive to ratify the Equal Rights Amendment.

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Profile: Phyllis Schlafly
Phyllis Schlafly, one of the best-known opponents to the Equal Rights Amendment in the 1970s, is still trying to keep it from passing now. She runs the Eagle Forum, a conservative, pro-family organization. Tom Weber recently visited with Schlafly in St. Louis.

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Understanding Title IX
Host Margot Adler speaks with Erin Buzuvis, a blogger with Title IX Blog, about the successes and shortcomings to Title IX, the federal law that prohibits sex discrimination in all federally funded schools and colleges.

Erin Buzuvis is assistant professor of law at Western New England College School of Law. With her co-bloggers she maintains Title IX Blog, a website offering daily updates about Title IX law, scholarship, and treatment in the media.

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Women in Politics
Host Margot Adler talks with Marie Wilson of The White House Project about the state of women in U.S. politics, why we haven’t had a female president, and the challenges facing women who run for office.

Marie Wilson is founder and president of The White House Project. She is the co-creator of Take Our Daughters and Sons to Work Day and author of Closing the Leadership Gap: Why Women Can and Must Help Run the World.

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Special Announcements
Justice Talking’s last broadcast & podcast was June 30, 2008.
Women's Equality Amendment (H. J. RES. 40 - Bill introduced in the House)
U.S. Constitution - Fourteenth Amendment
Civil Rights Act of 1964
The Equal Pay Act of 1963
The Equal Rights Amendment
Behind the Pay Gap study
National Organization for Women and Constitutional Equality
Chronology of the ERA
Concerned Women for America
Center for Individual Freedom
A Place on the Team: The Triumph and Tragedy of Title IX
by Welch Suggs
It Takes a Candidate: Why Women Don't Run for Office
by Jennifer Lawless and Richard Fox
Why Men Earn More: The Startling Truth Behind the Pay Gap -- and What Women Can Do About It
by Warren Farrell
Why We Lost the ERA
by Jane J. Mansbridge
Race and the Justice System
Employment Discrimination Post-Ledbetter
The Women's Equality Amendment