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January 26, 2020

Note: Justice Talking's grant funding expired in 2008 and the project has been closed. This website is an archive of the entire run of Justice Talking shows through June 30, 2008.
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Featured Program

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Federal Election Reform
Last Featured: 9/4/2006

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Elections are the heart of democracy. It is the way “we the people” choose our leaders and hold them accountable. But since the November 2000 elections when flawed voter registration lists, obsolete voting machines, and poorly designed ballots marred the electoral process, public confidence in our voting system has declined. Although Congress enacted the Help America Vote Act of 2002, one in three Americans still question whether their vote will be counted accurately. Tune in to this special edition of Justice Talking when we travel to the Carter Center in Atlanta, Georgia to talk with former President Jimmy Carter and members of the Commission on Federal Election Reform. A conversation with former Secretary of State James Baker is also featured. The program, co-sponsored by Court TV, is co-hosted by NPR’s Michel Martin (sitting in for Margot Adler) and Court TV’s Catherine Crier.

An Interview with Jimmy Carter
Court TV's Catherine Crier speaks with former President Jimmy Carter about the U.S. electoral system and its recent controversies.

James Earl Carter was the 39th president of the United States from 1977 to 1981 and 83rd governor of Georgia from 1971 to 1975. In 1982 he founded the Carter Center as a forum for mediating conflicts and promoting democracy, health care, and human rights. He co-chairs the National Commission on Federal Election Reform.

Catherine Crier has won the Emmy, duPont-Columbia, and Gracie Allen awards for journalism and is the youngest state judge to ever be elected in Texas. Crier joined Court TV as an anchor in November 1999. She serves as executive editor for Legal News Specials in addition to hosting Catherine Crier Live. Crier released her first book, The Case Against Lawyers, in 2002.

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Interview with James Baker, III
NPR's Michel Martin speaks with former Secretary of State James Baker, III, about election reform and restoring voters' confidence in the system.

James A. Baker, III has served in senior government positions under three United States presidents. He served as secretary of state, secretary of treasury, and White House chief of staff. Mr. Baker is presently a senior partner in the law firm of Baker Botts and honorary chairman of the James A. Baker III Institute for Public Policy at Rice University. He co-chairs the National Commission on Federal Election Reform.

Award-winning journalist Michel Martin joined NPR in January 2006 and will host a daily afternoon public affairs and cultural program focusing on stories of importance to African-Americans. Martin brings more than 20 years of journalism experience to NPR. Since 1996, she has been correspondent for ABC News' "Nightline." Martin's honors include the Candace Award for Communications from The National Coalition of 100 Black Women and a 2002 Silver Gavel Award, given by the American Bar Association.

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Panel Discussion on Federal Election Reform
Court TV's Catherine Crier moderates a panel of experts from the Commission on Federal Election Reform held at American University. Panelists discussed problems with voter identification and registration policies and practices. In addition to former President Carter, this panel includes the following Commission members:

Ms. Kay Coles James was the director of the U.S. Office of Personnel Management from 2001 to 2005. James served as a senior fellow and director of The Citizenship Project at the Heritage Foundation.

Hon. Tom Phillips is the Spurgeon E. Bell Distinguished Visiting Professor at South Texas College of Law in Houston. Phillips was first appointed to the Texas Supreme Court as chief justice in 1988, and served until 2004.

Dr. Robert Pastor is the director of the Center for Democracy and Election Management and vice president of International Affairs at American University. He was senior advisor to the National Commission on Election Reform.

Congressman Jim Marshall , serving his second term in Congress, represents Georgia’s 3rd Congressional District. He serves on the House Armed Services Committee and the Agriculture Committee. He is a member of the steering committee of the Rural Health Care Coalition.

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Panel Discussion on Federal Election Reform
NPR's Michel Martin moderates a panel which further considers issues related to voter confidence and electoral process. In particular, voting technology and election administration are discussed. In addition to former President Carter, Ms. Kay Coles James, the Hon. Tom Phillips, and Dr. Robert Pastor, this panel also includes former Senator Max Cleland.

Max Cleland Served as U.S. senator from Georgia from 1996 to 2002. He was elected to the Georgia State Senate in 1970 and was appointed by President Jimmy Carter to head the U.S. Veterans Administration in 1977.

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Special Announcements
Justice Talking’s last broadcast & podcast was June 30, 2008.
Help America Vote Act of 2002 (HAVA)
Federal Election Commission
Commission on Federal Election Reform - Home page
Commission on Federal Election Reform - Full Report (PDF)
President Bush on Election Reform
The Democratic Party on Election Reform
National Association of Secretaries of State
National Conference of State Legislatures - Election Reform Links
Election 2000: Uncounted Votes & Election Reform
by Committee on Government Reform, U.S. House of Representatives
Rethinking the Vote: The Politics and Prospects of American Election Reform
by Ann N. Crigler, Marion R. Just, Edward J. McCaffery
What Went Wrong In Ohio: The Conyers Report On The 2004 Presidential Election
by Anita Miller
Election Reform
Political Speech in the Race for President
Presidential Primaries