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April 24, 2018

Note: Justice Talking's grant funding expired in 2008 and the project has been closed. This website is an archive of the entire run of Justice Talking shows through June 30, 2008.
It is no longer being maintained. We apologize for any stale or broken links.
Featured Program

Photo by: Sonia J. Stamm
Golf and Gender Discrimination
Last Featured: 3/31/2003

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Note: Justice Talking ceased production on June 30 of 2008. Link information on this site is not maintained and is provided for historical interest only. Although correct when posted, The Annenberg Public Policy Center makes no claim as the the accuracy or continued availability of any third party web links found on this site.

Top golfer Tiger Woods last year stuttered through a defense of Augusta National Golf Club’s male-only membership. Club President Hootie Johnson was far less timid when he said, “There may well come a day when women will be invited, but that timetable will be ours and not at the point of a bayonet." Despite the controversy, the annual Masters’ tournament held at Augusta continues to attract the world’s best golfers. Civil rights groups are increasingly asking: “why?” Private clubs are permitted to selectively determine their membership, but at a time when golf is just beginning to reach a more diverse population, should professional golf’s finest turn a blind eye to discrimination?

Dr. Heidi Hartmann founded the Institute for Women’s Policy Research in 1987 to meet the need for women-centered, policy-oriented research. At IWPR, Dr. Hartmann has co-authored several reports including Unnecessary Losses: Costs to Americans of the Lack of Family and Medical Leave; Who Needs a Family Wage?: The Implications of Low-Wage Work for Family Well-Being and The Impact of Social Security Reform on Women. Before founding IWPR, she taught at Rutgers University and the New School for Social Research and worked at the National Academy of Sciences and the US Commission on Civil Rights. In 1994, she was the recipient of a MacArthur fellowship "genius grant," to recognize her pioneering work in the field of women and economics.

Deborah Perry is a bestselling author, on-air political commentator, and public advocate. She is the co-author (with Dr. Julianne Malveaux) of a Washington Post bestseller entitled Unfinished Business: A Democrat and a Republican Take on the 10 Most Important Issues Women Face. She is also a television and radio commentator who serves as a regular guest of political programs on MSNBC, Fox News Channel, and CNN. Early in her career, Ms. Perry served as a congressional staffer for then-U.S. Senator Connie Mack (R-FL), U.S. Rep. Ileana Ros-Lehtinen (R-FL), and a political appointee for President George Bush (41st president), and specialized her legislative and executive career in foreign policy.

Closing Quote
"Sports do not build character. They reveal it."

— Heywood Hale Broun

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Special Announcements
Justice Talking’s last broadcast & podcast was June 30, 2008.

ATTENTION TEACHERS: Additional materials supporting use of this program in the classroom are available: ClickHere
Title II of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 Injunctive Relief Against Discrimination in Places of Public Accommodation
The Equal Protection Clause of Amendment XIV
Institute for Women’s Policy Research
National Organization for Women
Capital Research Center
Women’s Sports Foundation
National Council of Women’s Organizations
Response from the Augusta National Golf Club
Press Release:
Taking the Field: Women, Men, and Sports
by Michael A. Messner
The Masters: Golf, Money, and Power in Augusta, Georgia
by Curt Sampson
The Unplayable Lie: The Untold Story of Women and Discrimination in American Golf
by Marcia Chambers, Amy Alcott
Race and the Justice System
Employment Discrimination Post-Ledbetter
The Women's Equality Amendment